Packaged convertible bonds or sometimes „Bond + Option“ are simply a straight bond and a call option/alarm that are packed together. Normally, the investor would then be able to act separately. Although the down payment is similar to a simple vanilla payment, packaged convertible bonds would then have different dynamics and risks, as the holder would not receive a little cash or shares at maturity, but a little cash and perhaps a little stock. They would lack, for example, the modified duration reduction effect common in simple vanilla convertible structures. In theory, the market price of a converted bond should never fall below its intrinsic value. The internal value is simply the number of shares converted at par value at the current market price of the common shares. The three main stages of bond behaviour are: from a valuation point of view, a convertible loan consists of two assets: a loan and a warrant. The valuation of a convertible loan requires an assumption from the issuer`s point of view, the main advantage of raising funds through the sale of convertible bonds is a reduced cash payment. The advantage for companies to issue convertible bonds is that, when the bonds are converted into shares, corporate debt disappears. However, in exchange for reduced interest payments, the value of equity is reduced due to the dilution of shares expected when converting their bonds into new shares. In the financial sector, a convertible bond or a convertible bond or a convertible bond (or a convertible bond if it is longer than 10 years) is a type of bond that the holder can convert into a number of common shares of the issuing company or equivalent cash. It is a hybrid security with debt and equity characteristics.  It was born in the mid-19th century and was used by early speculators like Jacob Little and Daniel Drew to counter market cornering.
 The market price of the convertible bond is used to determine implied volatility (using the assumed spread) or implied spread (using assumed volatility). A simple method of calculating the value of a convertible loan is to calculate the present value of future interest and repayment payments at the cost of the debt and add the present value of the warrant. However, this method ignores certain market realities, including stochastic interest rates and credit spreads, and does not take into account the popular characteristics of convertible bonds, such as calls to the issuer, investor puts, and conversion rate repayments. The most popular models for evaluating convertibles with these features are the finite difference models as well as the more common binomial and trinomic shafts….