and such intentions could not have been kept secret. had approved the pact in the hope that the much-anticipated, although it is true that many members of Congress were opposed to post-war reforms, would be an expansion of Munal`s voters as such, the fact that they accepted the Morley Minto reforms. This meant that there was no real pact that shows that they had accepted it, albeit reluctantly. A chance to take power. So, since there is no significant power to be before the Montagu-Chelmsford report, there is no evidence of a common distribution, it was easy for congressional leaders to point out that congressional leaders were planning to reject the pact. The adoption of the request of municipal voters and the final adoption of the Lucknow Pact were preceded by lengthy negotiations that began in 1915. Until December 1916, the leaders of Congress and the Muslim League were busy examining the details of the pact, while thwarting resistance within their respective organizations. The full details of the pact were not clarified when the two sides met in Lucknow in December 1916 (Owen 1972; Robinson 2008). When we reflect on these issues, we begin to realize that the greatest triumph of Tilak`s life lies in what turned out to be a failure – the Lucknow Pact. The Tilak-Jinnah pact failed, but not his mind.

Indeed, this unique spirit can contribute to achieving two important challenges facing India and Pakistan: Hindu-Muslim harmonisation and Indo-Pakistan normalization. This unexpected and mind-boggling volte by many congressional leaders on the Lucknow pact needs explanation. Prima facie, they could be blamed for ill-intentioning the pact, an accusation of the Liberal Federation of the Southern West Indies, the political vehicle of the non-Brahmans of Madras, who claimed that the pact was „a compromise based on tactical considerations and the theory of the single front, and that some members of Congress were interested in getting rid of local voters“ (ibid.) , Vol II, 67566). But if congressional leaders had signed the pact with the League with the intention of rejecting it later, it would have required a conspiracy on a major agreement on the Indian National Congress – All India Muslim League, commonly known as the Lucknow Pact, can easily be considered one of the most important events on the way to the nationalist movement in India. In the middle of the First World War, in 1916, the two organizations presented the settlers with a common system of constitutional reforms, waiting for the system to be implemented after the end of the war. This marked the meeting of two major political organizations in the country, which have so far been clearly hostile. The representative, B K Lahiri, stated that the commission, while accepting the pact, preferred reserved seats in common constituencies (ibid., Vol II, 1918: 411-13). The Lucknow Pact is considered an important event in India`s political history. It is considered a flood marked by Hindu Muslim unity. It was the first and last pact signed between Congress and the Muslim League. The agreement was very remarkable and his dreams came true the whole political scenario of the Indian subcontinent was different.

But it was impossible for the parties to make a united India. Hindus and Muslims are two different nations and they have a different culture and civilization. Therefore, the Lucknow Pact did not allow long-term cooperation between Muslims and Hindus in India.